European Social Survey

European Social Survey HQ

Welcome to the European Social Survey.

About

The European Social Survey (ESS) is an academically driven survey using the highest methodological standards headquartered at City, University of London.

Since 2002/03, the ESS has provided cross-national data measuring public attitudes, beliefs and behaviour. Every two years, up to 40,000 face-to-face interviews are conducted across Europe on a wide range of subjects.

Funded through the European Union’s Horizon 2020 grants and membership fees from countries who take part, the ESS was made a European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) in 2013. It was the first ERIC to be hosted in the United Kingdom.

The involvement of the United Kingdom, and the extra costs of hosting an ERIC, are funded through the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

ESS data is available completely free of charge for non-commercial use - all results from 2002/03 can be accessed and analysed online or downloaded for use in statistical software such as SPSS, Stata or R.

For more information, visit the ESS website.

People

As well as the HQ based at City, the ESS consists of many colleagues based in different areas of Europe.

Find out more about the people who are part of ESS HQ:

Projects

The European Social Survey (ESS)

The award-winning and academically driven cross-national project collects survey data biennially measuring citizens’ attitudes and public opinions on a variety of topics across Europe.

Every two years, a questionnaire is conducted in up to 30 European nations. The face-to-face interview lasts an hour, and includes core questions asked in every round. These questions focus on media consumption, institutional and social trust, democracy, government and politics, national and ethnic identity, health and wellbeing, discrimination, immigration, religion, the human values scale and a range of socio-demographic measures.

Two topics were covered in Round 9 specifically - questions were asked on the timing of life events (repeated from Round 3, 2006/07) and justice and fairness, in the context of income.

Each round of the ESS is funded by national funding agencies in each participating country.

All data and documentation is available on the ESS website, including an online tool that allows registered users to view, weight and analyse ESS data. Since 2002, over 170,000 people have registered to access the data - to sign up for free, visit the ESS website.

The Round 9 (2018/19) dataset is available for download. A copy of the entire Round 9 questionnaire is available here (PDF).

Follow the ESS on FacebookLinkedInTwitter and YouTube.

European Research Infrastructure Consortium Forum (ERIC Forum)

This project aims to provide collective support from existing ERICs to research infrastructures (RI) interested in becoming an ERIC. This includes the development of best practice guidance related to the ERIC legal framework and the creation of a repository for relevant documents - such as internal regulations and rules of procedures - to be made publicly available online. The project will run until December 2022.

Visit the ERIC Forum website

Follow ERIC Forum on Twitter

Next Steps in Securing the Sustainability of the European Social Survey (ESS-SUSTAIN-2)

Following the success of implementing ESS-SUSTAIN (grant agreement number 676166), ESS-SUSTAIN-2 began in January 2020 and will run until 30 June 2023. The €4.9m project is being coordinated by the ESS and includes 16 other partners based across Europe. The project will enhance links with other survey research infrastructures; promote ESS data among key European policy makers; consolidate membership to the ERIC and develop existing tools to optimise the implementation of the survey. A key part of the project is the implementation of a 12-country cross-national online survey to inform future plans for online data collection.

Research Infrastructure (RI-VIS)

RI-VIS is designed to increase the visibility of European research infrastructures (RIs) to new communities in Europe and beyond. The ESS is one of 13 partners from 12 RIs working in the fields of biomedical sciences, social sciences and environmental sciences. The project will run until July 2021.

Visit the RI-VIS website

Follow RI-VIS on Twitter

Social Sciences and Humanities Open Cloud (SSHOC)

The €14.5m project, which runs to April 2022, aims to create an open platform where data, tools and training are available and accessible for users of social sciences and humanities (SSH) data. The ESS will lead on work package 4 of the project - Innovations in Data Production - which will realise a number of initiatives associated with the creation of data. It aims to develop a sample management system which meets the needs of high-quality cross-national probability-based online panels. The work package will also explore innovations in Computer Assisted Translation and Computer Assisted Recorded Interviewing.

Visit the SSHOC website

Follow SSHOC on Twitter

Past projects

ADDResponse

The ADDResponse project analysed Non-Response Bias by looking at auxiliary data. Funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), the project held strong ties with the ESS. ADDResponse matched small-area administrative, commercial, and geo-coded data to the ESS data collected in the UK during Round 6 (2012/13). It aimed to: identify benefits and challenges of using different kinds of auxiliary data confidentially; analyse non-response bias with the help of auxiliary information; and develop corrective models and weighting procedures for non-response bias. Find out more about the project on the ADDResponse blog.

ESS-SUSTAIN

A €2.3 million project, ESS-SUSTAIN was funded by the European Commission through its Horizon 2020 programme. The project led to a significant increase in ESS membership, lowered the costs of participation and helped enhance the quality of the ESS datasets. The grant supported activities such as an impact case study in member countries, the appointment of ambassadors to promote the study, an investigation into accessing structural funds to finance membership and enhanced communications activities.

European Cohort Development Project (ECDP)

Coordinated by a team at Manchester Metropolitan University, the ECDP will create a specification and business case for a European Research Infrastructure that will provide survey data on child and young adult well-being. The infrastructure developed by ECDP will subsequently coordinate the first Europe
wide cohort survey, named EuroCohort. ESS is a partner in the project providing expert input, particularly to issues around infrastructure governance, survey methodology and piloting.

Visit the EuroCohort website

Follow EuroCohort on Twitter

European Research Infrastructures in the International Landscape (RISCAPE)

RISCAPE brought together a consortium of organisations to undertake analysis of international research infrastructures for the use of European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI), European Commission (EC), OECD and national or regional funding agencies. The objective of the Horizon 2020 RISCAPE project was to provide a peer-reviewed report on the position of the major European research infrastructures in an international context.

Making well-being count for policy

The ESRC-funded research project aimed to sustain public and political interest in the use of well-being data and explore how best to employ this data for policy recommendations. The project holds strong ties with the ESS relying on well-being questions collected in the core questionnaire and in special modules. The project built on four core areas of research in the field: designing well-being indicators based on survey data; analysing subjective well-being nationally and cross-nationally; exploring the well-being of societies; and studying the challenges of using subjective well-being data for policy recommendations. Read the final report: Looking through the Well-being Kaleidoscope.

Synergies for Europe's Research Infrastructures in the Social Sciences (SERISS)

SERISS was funded by the European Commission under Horizon 2020 (€8.4 million). The project brought together the ESS, the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), the Consortium of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA), the Generations and Gender Programme (GGP), European Values Study (EVS) and the Wage Indicator Survey. With the support of these partners, the project addressed key challenges in cross-national data collection, to overcome the barrier across research infrastructures, and to embrace the future of social science exploring new ways of data collection.

CROss-National Online Survey Panel (CRONOS)

Part of the ESS-led work package of SERISS, a Cross-National Online Survey Panel (CRONOS) was established to explore the possibilities of using the Internet to collect survey data in future. CRONOS used respondents from Round 8 (2016/17) of the ESS to recruit respondents for a 12-month web panel. The CRONOS panel ran for one year, and respondents completed a 20-minute online survey every other month, which respondents can complete at a time convenient to them, within a two month period. CRONOS data is available on the ESS website.

News

Academic Year 2021/22

Round 10 fieldwork update

05/10/21

Despite the pandemic, it is expected that 32 countries will take part in Round 10 of the European Social Survey (ESS) - the highest number of participating countries in a single round.

Roger Jowell memorial lecture 2021

16/09/21

The annual lecture held in memory of European Social Survey (ESS) co-founder, Sir Roger Jowell, will be held both as an in-person event and broadcast online on Tuesday 28 September.

Academic Year 2020/21

Round 9 Multilevel Data published

07/07/21

The Multilevel Data resource has now been updated to include externally collected data applicable to European Social Survey (ESS) Round 9 (2018/19) data.

New report published: The timing of life events

25/06/21

A new report that includes analysis of European Social Survey (ESS) data on the timing of life was launched at a webinar earlier this week (Monday 21 June).

Agreement with Japanese General Social Survey

10/06/21

The European Social Survey (ESS) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS).

Web panel question modules selected

03/06/21

The process for selecting questions to be included as part the European Social Survey (ESS) six-wave online panel has now been completed.

Findings from the Human Values Scale

16/03/21

Last week, the European Social Survey (ESS) launched a new report that includes analysis of data collected through the Schwartz human values scale.

Fresh opportunity to field web panel modules

08/03/21

The European Social Survey (ESS) has today (Monday 8 March) opened a second call for applications to design a set of questions to be fielded as part of a pan-European online panel.

Important update on ESS Round 10 fieldwork

26/02/21

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the majority of Round 10 fieldwork - originally due to be collected in face to face interviews from late 2020 - was not possible last year.

5,429 academic publications based on ESS data

11/02/21

Preliminary analysis of Google Scholar indexing has established that almost 5,500 academic publications include substantial use of European Social Survey (ESS) data (2003-20).

Round 10 core questionnaire changes

26/01/21

A new European Social Survey (ESS) report summarises changes that have been made to our core questionnaire ahead of Round 10 (2020/21).

New version of Round 9 data now available

11/12/20

The European Social Survey (ESS) has published the third edition of Round 9 (2018/19) data and updated the cumulative data file.

Questions selected for new online panel

11/11/20

Following an open call for proposals, question module proposals have now been selected for inclusion in our new online web panel, due to be fielded in 12 countries, beginning in 2021.

Round 10 COVID-19 questions finalised

30/10/20

The latest edition of the European Social Survey (ESS) will include a set of questions that can be fielded in participating countries to measure attitudes towards the Coronavirus pandemic.

Director becomes Academy of Social Sciences Fellow

16/10/20

The Director of the European Social Survey (ESS), Professor Rory Fitzgerald, has been appointed as a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences.

Justice and fairness analysis now available

06/10/20

The European Social Survey (ESS) has published a new Topline Results series report on Justice and Fairness in society, based on analysis of the most recently available dataset.

Justice and fairness: Topline report launch

18/09/20

The European Social Survey (ESS) will be hosting an online event on Friday 2 October to mark the publication of a new Topline Findings report on Justice and Fairness in society.

Round 11 rotating modules selected

14/09/20

Questions that examine gender attitudes and social inequalities in health have been chosen for inclusion in Round 11 (2022/23) of the European Social Survey (ESS).

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2020

02/09/20

This year’s lecture in memory of Sir Roger Jowell - the co-founder of the European Social Survey - will be held online on Wednesday 16 September.

Academic Year 2019/20

Call for Southern European Ambassador

17/08/20

The European Social Survey (ESS) is looking to appoint a consultant who will act as a southern European ambassador to establish a network in the region.

Call for online panel questions now open

04/08/20

The European Social Survey (ESS) has today (Tuesday 4 August) issued a call for questions to be asked in a new online panel, scheduled to be fielded in 12 countries during 2021 and 2022.

Round 9: Second data release now available

15/06/20

The second edition of data and documentation for Round 9 of the European Social Survey (ESS) has been published today (Monday 15 June 2020).

ESS receives dataset award

08/06/20

The European Social Survey (ESS) has been chosen as the winner of the Lijphart/Przeworski/Verba (LPV) Dataset Award 2020.

Special fast call for COVID-19 questions

22/05/20

The ESS ERIC is inviting applications to design a short set of questions (up to 5 items) related to the COVID-19 pandemic that will be fielded in the European Social Survey (ESS).

ESS ERIC now has 25 members

04/05/20

The European Social Survey European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) now has 25 members - the highest number of any ERIC.

COVID-19 implications on the ESS

08/04/20

The Coronavirus pandemic is having widespread implications on people, businesses and research across the world, and the European Social Survey (ESS) is no exception.

Analyse Round 9 Russian data

19/02/20

Although Russia did not formally take part in Round 9 (2018/19) of our survey, you can now access data collected by the Institute for Comparative Social Research (CESSI).

Developing a global online panel

30/01/20

Following a workshop in December 2019, the European Social Survey (ESS) has published a report about the opportunities for international collaboration to develop a global online survey.

ESS awarded major Horizon 2020 grant

06/01/20

The European Social Survey (ESS) has been awarded almost €5 million in funding from the European Commission to lead a new Horizon 2020 project - SUSTAIN 2 - from January 2020.

New experts appointed to advisory boards

26/11/19

The General Assembly of the European Social Survey (ESS) has appointed seven new members to serve on their methods and scientific advisory boards.

Round 9 data now available

31/10/19

The first edition of European Social Survey (ESS) Round 9 data - collected in 19 countries during late 2018 and early 2019 - has been published today (31 October 2019).

Exploring public attitudes, informing public policy

14/10/19

A publication that showcases a wide range of articles based on European Social Survey (ESS) data collected over the first seven rounds is now available online.

Your chance to field questions in our survey

25/09/19

For a chance to include questions in Round 11 (2022/23) of the European Social Survey (ESS), the call for proposals is now open until January next year.

Social science event at the European Commission

19/09/19

The European Social Survey (ESS) organised a meeting with the European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety, Vytenis Andriukaitis, in Brussels last week (Friday 13 September).

Global partnerships revealed

04/09/19

The European Social Survey (ESS) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with research organisations in Australia (Australian National University) and South Africa (Human Sciences Research Council) as part of its strategy for global outreach.

Online consultation launched

28/08/19

We have launched an online consultation into proposed changes to some of our questions that are included in every round of the European Social Survey (ESS).

Events

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture

Alongside Max Kaase, Sir Roger Jowell began developing the European Social Survey at the European Science Foundation (ESF) in 1995. The ESF would eventually ask Jowell to assemble a core team and apply to the European Commission for central funding to be matched by the participating countries.

In 2001, the European Social Survey was established at the National Centre for Social Research (now NatCen Social Research) in London. Since 2003, the ESS Headquarters have been hosted by City, University of London.

In 2001, Roger was awarded the CBE in the UK for his services to the social sciences. Seven years later, he was recognised again by the UK Government - this time awarded a knighthood to become Sir Roger Jowell.

Sir Roger passed away on Christmas Day 2011. Since then, City, University of London, NatCen Social Research and the Social Research Association have organised an annual memorial lecture in his name.

Lectures

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2021

Paul Johnson (The Institute for Fiscal Studies) delivered the eighth annual lecture in memory of European Social Survey co-founder, Sir Roger Jowell, on Tuesday 28 September 2021. The event was chaired by new City President, Professor Anthony Finkelstein.

This year’s lecture assessed how inequalities in education and wealth, and between regions, ethnic minorities and generations, have been affected by the Coronavirus pandemic.

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2020

Sir Michael Marmot (Institute Health Equity) delivered the 2020 Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture - Social justice and health equity - in an online event on Wednesday 16 September 2020.

The Professor of Epidemiology at University College London discussed tackling health inequalities, insisting that policies and interventions must not be confined to the health care system. Sir Michael explained that policies are needed to address the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2019

Professor Alissa Goodman and Rt Hon David Laws delivered the 2019 lecture - An uneven playing field: the causes and consequences of social inequalities in education - at City on 13 June 2019.

Alissa Goodman of University College London Institute of Education discussed research on inequalities, showing how longitudinal data is being used to understand the causes and consequences of educational disadvantage in the UK.

Speaking to the policy implications of educational disadvantage, Rt Hon David Laws - Executive Chairman of the Education Policy Institute - present findings from research on the evolution of the disadvantage gap, by phase, pupil type and area over the last decade.

A recording of the lecture is available

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2018

The fifth annual lecture in honour of Sir Roger Jowell was held at the British Academy in London on 21 May 2018. The lecture was delivered by Professor Jane Green of the University of Manchester who discussed her research into the 2015 and 2017 British elections.

Jane Green is Professor of Political Science in the Cathy Marsh Institute for Social Research and the Politics Department in Manchester and belongs to the Scientific Leadership Team of the British Election Study (BES).

The Chair of the lecture was Jennifer Rubin, Executive Chair of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2017

Professor Anand Menon discussed what the vote for Brexit means for the UK and its relationship with the countries who remain a part of the union. As Chair of the UK in a Changing Europe initiative, the Professor of European Politics and Foreign Affairs at King's College London offered valuable insight into this critical issue.

The fourth annual memorial lecture was held on 30 May 2017 and chaired by Professor Sara Hobolt, Sutherland Chair in European Institutions at the London School of Economics.

A recording of the lecture is available

Survey Methodology Seminar Series

Since May 2017, City, University of London, the European Social Survey HQ and NatCen Social Research have held a series of survey methodology seminars. Presentation slides and / or a recording of the each event is linked below.

Seminars

Publications

Ryan, L. ORCID: 0000-0003-2985-3544 (2021). Security and the discourse of risk in European space policy. In: Hoerber, T. and Forganni, A. (Eds.), European Integration and Space Policy A Growing Security Discourse. Space Power and Politics. (pp. 75-96). Abingdon, UK: Routledge. ISBN 9780367349127

Harrison, S. E., Ayers, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-6153-2460, Quigley, M. A., Stein, A. and Alderdice, F. (2020). Prevalence and factors associated with postpartum posttraumatic stress in a population-based maternity survey in England. Journal of Affective Disorders, doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.11.102

Cohen, T., Stilgoe, J., Stares, S. ORCID: 0000-0003-4697-0347, Akyelken, N., Cavoli, C., Day, J., Dickinson, J., Fors, V., Hopkins, D., Lyons, G., Marres, N., Newman, J., Reardon, L., Sipe, N., Tennant, C., Wadud, Z. and Wigley, E. (2020). A constructive role for social science in the development of automated vehicles. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 6, p. 100133. doi: 10.1016/j.trip.2020.100133

Barnes, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0702-5222, Ndebele, N. and Harrison, E. K. (2020). The job quality of key worker employees: Analysis of the Labour Force Survey. London: City, University of London.

Barnes, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0702-5222, Ndebele, N. and Harrison, E. (2020). Pictures of life in older age: a quantitative analysis of the lived experience of ageing using the Understanding Society survey. London: City, University of London.

Maslovskaya, O., Durrant, G. B., Smith, P. W. F., Hanson, T. and Villar, A. (2019). What are the Characteristics of Respondents using Different Devices in Mixed-device Online Surveys? Evidence from Six UK Surveys. International Statistical Review, 87(2), pp. 326-346. doi: 10.1111/insr.12311

Tennant, C., Stares, S. ORCID: 0000-0003-4697-0347 and Howard, S. (2019). Public discomfort at the prospect of autonomous vehicles: Building on previous surveys to measure attitudes in 11 countries. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 64, pp. 98-118. doi: 10.1016/j.trf.2019.04.017

Ryan, L. ORCID: 0000-0003-2985-3544 (2019). Balancing rights in the European Research Area: the case of ERICs (European Research Infrastructure Consortium). European Intellectual Property Review, 41(4), pp. 218-227.

Fisher, S., Fitzgerald, R. and Poortinga, W. (2018). Climate change Social divisions in belief and behaviour. In: Phillips, D., Curtice, J., Phillips, M. and Perry, J. (Eds.), British Social Attitudes: The 35th Report. . London: The National Centre for Social Research. ISBN 9781527225916

Kuyper, L., Sommer, E. and Butt, S. (2017). Gender Gaps in the Measurement of Public Opinion About Homosexuality in Cross-national Surveys: A Question-Wording Experiment.International Journal of Public Opinion Research, edx019. doi: 10.1093/ijpor/edx019

Turkay, C., Slingsby, A., Lahtinen, K., Butt, S. and Dykes, J. (2017). Supporting Theoretically-grounded Model Building in the Social Sciences through Interactive Visualisation.Neurocomputing, 268, pp. 153-163. doi: 10.1016/j.neucom.2016.11.087

Kuha, J., Butt, S., Katsikatsou, M. and Skinner, C. (2017). The Effect of Probing "Don't Know" Responses on Measurement Quality and Nonresponse in Surveys. Journal of the American Statistical Association,

Johann, D. and Thomas, K. (2017). Testing the Validity of the Crosswise Model: A Study on Attitudes Towards Muslims. Survey Methods: Insights from the Field,

Sommer, E. and Gamper, M. (2017). Transnational entrepreneurial activities: A qualitative network study of self-employed migrants from the former Soviet Union in Germany. Social Networks, doi: 10.1016/j.socnet.2017.04.007

Ryan, L. (2017). Social media and popularising space: Philae Lander (@Philae2014) and the journey to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Space Policy, doi: 10.1016/j.spacepol.2017.04.007

Barnes, M., Stares, S., Wood, C., Vibert, S. and Lord, C. (2017). Poverty in Perspective: A typology of poverty in Scotland. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government, ISSN 2045-6964.

Thomas, K., Johann, D., Kritzinger, S., Plescia, C. and Zeglovits, E. (2017). Estimating Sensitive Behavior: The ICT and High-Incidence Electoral Behavior. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 29(1), pp. 151-171. doi: 10.1093/ijpor/edw002

Villar, A. and Fitzgerald, R. (2017). Using mixed modes in survey data research: Results from six experiments. In: Breen, M. (Ed.), Values and Identities in Europe: Evidence from the European Social Survey. (pp. 273-310). Routledge. ISBN 9781138226661

Allum, N., Allansdottir, A., Gaskell, G., Hampel, J., Jackson, J., Moldovan, A., Priest, S., Stares, S. and Stoneman, P. (2017). Religion and the public ethics of stem-cell research: Attitudes in Europe, Canada and the United States. PLoS One, 12(4), e0176274. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176274

Barnes, M. and Harrison, E. K. (2017). The wellbeing of secondary school pupils with special educational needs. UK: Department for Education.

Butt, S., Schneider, S. and Heath, A.F. (2016). Developing a measure of socio-cultural origins for the European Social Survey (2016/16). GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, ISSN 2364-3773.

Reece Thomas, K. (2016). The UK Supreme Court's latest look at State Immunity. Journal of International and Comparative Law, 3(1), pp. 149-161.

Eikemo, T., Bambra, C., Huijts, T. and Fitzgerald, R. (2016). The first pan-European sociological health inequalities survey of the general population: the European Social Survey (ESS) rotating module on the social determinants of health. European Sociological Review, doi: 10.1093/esr/jcw019

Harrison, E. K. and Smart, A. (2016). The under-representation of minority ethnic groups in UK medical research. Ethnicity and Health, doi: 10.1080/13557858.2016.1182126

Winstone, L., Widdop, S. and Fitzgerald, R. (2016). Constructing the Questionnaire: the Challenges of Measuring Views and Evaluations of Democracy Across Europe. In: Ferrin, M. and Kriesi, H. (Eds.), How Europeans View and Evaluate Democracy (Comparative Politics). (pp. 21-42). UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-876690-2

Butt, S., Lahtinen, K. and Brunsdon, C. (2016). Using geographically weighted regression to explore spatial variation in survey data. Paper presented at the GISRUK 2016, 30th March - 1st April 2016, London, UK.

Blom, A. G., Bosnjak, M., Cornilleau, A., Cousteaux, A. S., Das, M., Douhou, S. and Krieger, U. (2016). A Comparison of Four Probability-Based Online and Mixed-Mode Panels in Europe.Social Science Computer Review, 34(1), pp. 8-25. doi: 10.1177/0894439315574825

Turkay, C., Slingsby, A., Lahtinen, K., Butt, S. and Dykes, J. (2016). Enhancing a Social Science Model-building Workflow with Interactive Visualisation. Paper presented at the The European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks (ESANN 2016), 27-29 Apr 2016, Bruges, Belgium.

Thomas, K. (2016). Democratic Support and Globalization. In: Vowles, J. and Xezonakis, G. (Eds.), Globalization and Domestic Politics: Parties, Elections, and Public Opinion. (pp. 209-234). UK: Oxford Univeristy Press. ISBN 9780198757986

Butt, S., Widdop, S. and Winstone, E. (2016). The Role of High Quality Surveys in Political Science Research. In: Keman, H. (Ed.), Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Political Science. (pp. 262-280). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9781784710811

Harrison, E. K., Quick, A., Abdallah, S., Ruggeri, K., Garcia Garzon, G., Maguire, Á., Huppert, F. A., Saini, R. and Zwiener, N. (2016). Looking into the Wellbeing Kaleidoscope: Results from the European Social Survey. London: New Economics Foundation.

Reece Thomas, K. (2016). State Immunity. Insight,

Fitzgerald, R. (2015). Striving for quality, comparability and transparency in cross-national social survey measurement: illustrations from the European Social Survey (ESS). (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London)

Johann, D., Steinbrecher, M. and Thomas, K. (2015). Persönlichkeit, politische Involvierung und politische Partizipation in Deutschland und Österreich. In: Faas, T., Frank, C. and Schoen, H. (Eds.), Political Psychology. (pp. 65-90). Germany: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. ISBN 9783848713608

Reece Thomas, K. (2015). State Immunity. Insight,

Reece Thomas, K. (2015). Enforcing against state assets:the case for restricting private creditor enforcement and how judges in England have used "context" when applying the "commercial purposes" test. Journal of International and Comparative Law, 2(1),

Geurs, K. T., Thomas, T., Bijlsma, M. and Douhou, S. (2015). Automatic trip and mode detection with move smarter: First results from the Dutch Mobile Mobility Panel. Transportation Research Procedia, 11, pp. 247-262. doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2015.12.022

Lahtinen, K., Slingsby, A., Dykes, J., Butt, S. and Fitzgerald, R. (2015). Informing Non-Response Bias Model Creation in Social Surveys with Visualisation. Paper presented at the VIS 2015, 25-10-2015 - 30-10-2015, Chicago, USA.

Ryan, L. (2015). Governance of EU research policy: Charting forms of scientific democracy in the European Research Area. Science and Public Policy, 42(3), pp. 300-314. doi: 10.1093/scipol/scu047

Fitzgerald, R., Winstone, L. and Prestage, Y (2014). A Versatile tool? Applying the Cross-national Error Source Typology (CNEST) to triangulated pre-test data. Lausanne: FORS.

Braghiroli, S. and Salini, L. (2014). How Do the Others See Us? An Analysis of Public Opinion Perceptions of the EU and USA in Third Countries. Transworld(33), pp. 1-19.

Callegaro, M., Villar, A., Krosnick, J. and Yeager, D. (2014). A Critical Review of Studies Investigating the Quality of Data Obtained With Online Panels. In: Callegaro, M., Baker, R., Bethlehem, J., Goritz, A., Krosnick, J. and Lavrakas, P. (Eds.), Online Panel Research: A Data Quality Perspective. (pp. 23-53). UK: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-119-94177-4

Schoua-Glusberg, A. and Villar, A. (2014). Assessing Translated Questions via Cognitive Testing. In: Miller, K., Willson, S., Chepp, V. and Padilla, J. L. (Eds.), Cognitive Interviewing Methodology. (pp. 51-67). Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781118383544

Dolezal, M., Haselmayer, M., Johann, D., Thomas, K. and Ennser-Jedenastik, L. (2014). Negative Campaigning. In: Müller, W., Kritzinger, S. and Schönbach, K. (Eds.), Die Nationalratswahl 2013. Wie Parteien, Medien und Wählerschaft zusammenwirken. (pp. 99-111). Vienna, Austria: Böhlau. ISBN 978-3205795360

Fitzgerald, R., Winstone, L. and Prestage, Y. (2014). Searching For Evidence of Acculturation: Attitudes Toward Homosexuality Among Migrants Moving From Eastern to Western Europe.International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 26(3), pp. 323-341. doi: 10.1093/ijpor/edu021

Glantschnigg, C., Thomas, K. and Zeglovits, E. (2014). Wählen gehen? Und wen wählen? Entscheidungsfindung im Wahlkampf. In: Müller, W., Kritzinger, S. and Schönbach, K. (Eds.), Die Nationalratswahl 2013. Wie Parteien, Medien und Wählerschaft zusammenwirken. (pp. 159-176). Vienna: Böhlau. ISBN 978-3205795360

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