European Social Survey

European Social Survey HQ

Welcome to the European Social Survey.


The European Social Survey (ESS) is an academically driven survey using the highest methodological standards headquartered at City, University of London.

Since 2002/03, the ESS has provided cross-national data measuring public attitudes, beliefs and behaviour. Every two years, up to 40,000 interviews are conducted across Europe on a wide range of subjects.

Funded through the European Union’s Horizon 2020 grants and membership fees from countries who take part, the ESS was made a European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) in 2013. It was the first ERIC to be hosted in the United Kingdom.

The involvement of the United Kingdom, and the extra costs of hosting an ERIC, are funded through the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

ESS data is available completely free of charge for non-commercial use - all results from 2002/03 can be accessed and analysed online or downloaded for use in statistical software such as SPSS, Stata or R.

For more information, visit the ESS website.


As well as the HQ based at City, the ESS consists of many colleagues based in different areas of Europe.

Find out more about the people who are part of ESS HQ:

  • Professor Rory Fitzgerald, Director of the ESS ERIC
  • Dr. Eric Harrison, Deputy Director of the ESS ERIC and Co-Director of the City Q-Step Centre
  • Dr. Gianmaria Bottoni, Senior Research Fellow
  • Esther Bourne, Grants Coordinator
  • Ruxandra Comanaru, Research Fellow
  • Niccolò Ghirelli, Survey Project Manager
  • Tim Hanson, Senior Research Fellow
  • Claire Higgins, Administrative Assistant
  • Mary Keane, Administrator
  • Lewis Payne, Research Assistant
  • Nathan Reece, Survey Project Manager
  • Dr. Lorna Ryan, Research Manager
  • Stefan Swift, Head of Communications


The European Social Survey (ESS)

The award-winning and academically driven cross-national project collects survey data biennially measuring citizens’ attitudes and public opinions on a variety of topics across Europe.

Every two years, a questionnaire is conducted in up to 30 European nations. The interview lasts around one hour, and includes core questions asked in every round.

These questions focus on media consumption, institutional and social trust, democracy, government and politics, national and ethnic identity, health and wellbeing, discrimination, immigration, religion, the human values scale and a range of socio-demographic measures.

In each round of the survey, two topics are covered in more depth. A full list of these rotating modules can be found here.

Each round of the ESS is funded by national funding agencies in each participating country.

All data and documentation is available free of charge on the ESS Data Portal. Since 2002, over 200,000 people have completed a short registration to access the data.

Follow the ESS on FacebookLinkedInTwitter and YouTube.

European Research Infrastructure Consortium Forum 2 (ERIC Forum)

This project aims to provide collective support for existing ERICs and research infrastructures (RI). The project began in September 2023.

Visit the ERIC Forum website

Follow ERIC Forum on Twitter

Next Steps in Securing the Sustainability of the European Social Survey (ESS-SUSTAIN-2)

Following the success of implementing ESS-SUSTAIN (grant agreement number 676166), ESS-SUSTAIN-2 began in January 2020 and will run until 30 June 2023. The €4.9m project is being coordinated by the ESS and includes 16 other partners based across Europe. The project will enhance links with other survey research infrastructures; promote ESS data among key European policy makers; consolidate membership to the ERIC and develop existing tools to optimise the implementation of the survey. A key part of the project is the implementation of a 12-country cross-national online survey to inform future plans for online data collection.

Pilot Application in Urban Landscapes - towards integrated city observatories for greenhouse gases (PAUL)

The ESS is a partner in this Horizon 2020 project that aims to develop a systematic greenhouse gas measurement system for urban areas. Coordinated by ICOS - Integrated Carbon Observation System, it will bring together and evaluate the most innovative measurement approaches of greenhouse gas emissions in urban areas and will develop useful tools and services for cities to support their local climate action plans. ESS ERIC is the only social survey research project involved in the PAUL project, as part of a consortium of 31 partners from a range of scientific disciplines. The ESS ERIC will lead Task 1.3: The human dimension of climate policies: economic and behavioural impacts. The project will run until 30 September 2025.

Past projects


The ADDResponse project analysed Non-Response Bias by looking at auxiliary data. Funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), the project held strong ties with the ESS. ADDResponse matched small-area administrative, commercial, and geo-coded data to the ESS data collected in the UK during Round 6 (2012/13). It aimed to: identify benefits and challenges of using different kinds of auxiliary data confidentially; analyse non-response bias with the help of auxiliary information; and develop corrective models and weighting procedures for non-response bias. Find out more about the project on the ADDResponse blog.


A €2.3 million project, ESS-SUSTAIN was funded by the European Commission through its Horizon 2020 programme. The project led to a significant increase in ESS membership, lowered the costs of participation and helped enhance the quality of the ESS datasets. The grant supported activities such as an impact case study in member countries, the appointment of ambassadors to promote the study, an investigation into accessing structural funds to finance membership and enhanced communications activities.

European Cohort Development Project (ECDP)

Coordinated by a team at Manchester Metropolitan University, the ECDP will create a specification and business case for a European Research Infrastructure that will provide survey data on child and young adult well-being. The infrastructure developed by ECDP will subsequently coordinate the first Europe wide cohort survey, named EuroCohort. ESS is a partner in the project providing expert input, particularly to issues around infrastructure governance, survey methodology and piloting.

European Research Infrastructure Consortium Forum (ERIC Forum)

This project aimed to provide collective support from existing ERICs to research infrastructures (RI) interested in becoming an ERIC. This includes the development of best practice guidance related to the ERIC legal framework and the creation of a repository for relevant documents - such as internal regulations and rules of procedures - to be made publicly available online. The project ended in December 2022.

European Research Infrastructures in the International Landscape (RISCAPE)

RISCAPE brought together a consortium of organisations to undertake analysis of international research infrastructures for the use of European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI), European Commission (EC), OECD and national or regional funding agencies. The objective of the Horizon 2020 RISCAPE project was to provide a peer-reviewed report on the position of the major European research infrastructures in an international context.

Making well-being count for policy

The ESRC-funded research project aimed to sustain public and political interest in the use of well-being data and explore how best to employ this data for policy recommendations. The project holds strong ties with the ESS relying on well-being questions collected in the core questionnaire and in special modules. The project built on four core areas of research in the field: designing well-being indicators based on survey data; analysing subjective well-being nationally and cross-nationally; exploring the well-being of societies; and studying the challenges of using subjective well-being data for policy recommendations. Read the final report: Looking through the Well-being Kaleidoscope.

Research Infrastructure Visibility (RI-VIS)

RI-VIS was designed to increase the visibility of European research infrastructures (RI) to new communities in Europe and beyond. The ESS was one of 13 partners working in the fields of biomedical sciences, environmental sciences and the social sciences on the project, which ended in January 2022.

Social Sciences and Humanities Open Cloud (SSHOC)

This €14.5m project, which concluded in April 2022, created an open platform where data, tools and training are available and accessible for users of social sciences and humanities (SSH) data. The ESS led on work package 4 of the project - Innovations in Data Production - which realised a number of initiatives associated with the creation of data. It developed a sample management system for high-quality cross-national probability-based online panels. The work package also explored innovations in Computer Assisted Translation and Computer Assisted Recorded Interviewing.

Synergies for Europe's Research Infrastructures in the Social Sciences (SERISS)

SERISS was funded by the European Commission under Horizon 2020 (€8.4 million). The project brought together the ESS, the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), the Consortium of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA), the Generations and Gender Programme (GGP), European Values Study (EVS) and the Wage Indicator Survey. With the support of these partners, the project addressed key challenges in cross-national data collection, to overcome the barrier across research infrastructures, and to embrace the future of social science exploring new ways of data collection.

CROss-National Online Survey Panel (CRONOS)

Part of the ESS-led work package of SERISS, a Cross-National Online Survey Panel (CRONOS) was established to explore the possibilities of using the Internet to collect survey data in future. CRONOS used respondents from Round 8 (2016/17) of the ESS to recruit respondents for a 12-month web panel. The CRONOS panel ran for one year, and respondents completed a 20-minute online survey every other month, which respondents can complete at a time convenient to them, within a two month period. CRONOS data is available on the ESS website.


Academic Year 2022/23

ESS director to receive international prize


The Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAS) has announced that European Social Survey Director, Professor Rory Fitzgerald, will be the latest recipient of their International SAS Prize.

CRONOS-2 data released


Data collected through the world’s first large scale, cross-national, probability-based input-harmonised web panel has been published by the European Social Survey (ESS).

ESS Conference 2024 in Lisbon


The 5th International European Social Survey (ESS) Conference will take place in Lisbon, Portugal, from 8-10 July 2024

Call for nominations: General Assembly Chair


The European Social Survey European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) has opened the process to appoint a new General Assembly Chair.

Centerdata joins Core Scientific Team


The European Social Survey (ESS) is delighted to announce that Centerdata has joined its core scientific team (CST) to help coordinate the survey.

Latest academic monitoring report published


New research has discovered that 5,966 English-language academic publications include substantial primary analysis of our data (2003-21).

New Round 10 data release


The third edition of data and documentation for European Social Survey (ESS) Round 10 was published today (Thursday 11 May 2023).

Montenegro becomes 28th member


Montenegro has become the 28th member of the European Social Survey European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC).

Call for Papers: Digital social contacts


The editors for an upcoming special issue of the Community, Work and Family journal (Taylor and Francis) have published a call for papers.

Comparing Australian and European attitudes


Analysis of survey responses to the same questions asked to respondents in Australia and Europe were presented at a webinar last week (Monday 20 February).

Agreement with Korean General Social Survey


Earlier this week, the European Social Survey (ESS) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Korean General Social Survey (KGSS).

Round 12 rotating modules selected


The European Social Survey (ESS) has selected questions on immigration and wellbeing to be included in Round 12 of the survey, currently due to be fielded in 2025.

SSH Open Cluster announces new chair


Projects involved in the Social Sciences and Humanities Open Cluster have elected a chair and vice-chair to lead the organisation in 2023.

Second release of Round 10 data now available


The European Social Survey (ESS) has published data from an additional 15 countries who participated in Round 10 (2020-22) of our survey.

Join us at ESRA 2023


Several sessions directly related to the European Social Survey (ESS) have been selected for the 2023 European Survey Research Association (ESRA) conference in Milan, Italy.

Mode switch advisers appointed


Four experts have been appointed by the European Social Survey (ESS) to advise on the planned switch from in-person to self-completion data collection.

Call for policy consultant


The European Social Survey European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) has published a call for a consultant to investigate the use of ESS data amongst policy making audiences.

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2022


This year's annual lecture in memory of European Social Survey (ESS) co-founder, Sir Roger Jowell, will be delivered by Professor Rosie Campbell on Wednesday 12 October.

Electronic Questionnaire Device


A report has been published on the European Social Survey (ESS) website about the experience of using an Electronic Questionnaire Device during the pandemic.

Call for papers: Online youth event


To mark the European Union’s European Year of Youth, the European Social Survey (ESS) has announced a call for papers for an online conference on Wednesday 7 December 2022.

Academic Year 2021/22

Round 10 data now available


The European Social Survey (ESS) has today published data collected during Round 10 (2020-22) for the first time.

New report reflects on nine rounds of data


Ahead of the initial Round 10 (2020-22) data release, the European Social Survey (ESS) has published a report that includes analysis of data from the first nine rounds of the survey (2002-19).

Call for self-completion mode experts


The European Social Survey European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) has launched a call for special advisors to help manage changes to the mode of data collection.

Related Studies: Australian data now available


Data collected from online panel respondents in Australia during early 2020 can now be compared to European Social Survey (ESS) Round 9 (2018/19) data.

Call for Papers: ESS Visegrad Conference


The European Social Survey (ESS) has published a call for papers aimed at those who wish to present their research at the ESS Visegrad Network+ Conference in Prague, Czechia, on 13-14 October 2022.

ESS announces change to data collection methodology


The European Social Survey (ESS) General Assembly has endorsed a plan to transition data collection from face-to-face interviews to a ‘web first self-completion’ design.

The way you access our data is changing


European Social Survey (ESS) data and documentation will only be accessible through the new ESS Data Portal from Monday 30 May.

Supporting Ukrainian research


The European Social Survey European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) has implemented several measures to support higher education and research in Ukraine.

Serbia becomes newest member of the ESS ERIC


The European Social Survey European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) has accepted Serbia as its 27th member.

Round 10 data coming soon


The first data collected during European Social Survey (ESS) Round 10 will be published in June 2022.

New study reveals impact of ESS data


A new study highlights a wide range of academic, non-academic and teaching impacts as a result of European Social Survey (ESS) data.

ESS community condemns Russian attack


The European Social Survey (ESS) community condemns the ruthless attack of the Russian Federation.

Call for Round 12 rotating modules


The European Social Survey (ESS) is inviting teams of researchers to propose a set of up to 30 questions to be included in Round 12 (2025) of the survey.

New data search and download service


The European Social Survey (ESS) has launched a new search and download service designed to make it easier to access and reuse relevant data and documentation.

Round 10 source questionnaire published


The European Social Survey has today (Monday 10 January 2022) published its Round 10 source questionnaire and accompanying documents.

Spain becomes 26th member of ESS ERIC


Spain has become the 26th member of the European Social Survey European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) - the highest number of any ERIC.

Round 10 self-completion experiment funded in UK


The European Social Survey (ESS) has been allocated over £250,000 by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), part of UK Research and Innovation, to conduct an experiment during the latest round of data collection.

ESS involved in new climate change project


The European Social Survey (ESS) will participate in a new Horizon 2020 project that aims to develop a systematic greenhouse gas measurement system for urban areas.

Round 10 fieldwork update


Despite the pandemic, it is expected that 32 countries will take part in Round 10 of the European Social Survey (ESS) - the highest number of participating countries in a single round.

Roger Jowell memorial lecture 2021


The annual lecture held in memory of European Social Survey (ESS) co-founder, Sir Roger Jowell, will be held both as an in-person event and broadcast online on Tuesday 28 September.

Academic Year 2020/21

Round 9 Multilevel Data published


The Multilevel Data resource has now been updated to include externally collected data applicable to European Social Survey (ESS) Round 9 (2018/19) data.

New report published: The timing of life events


A new report that includes analysis of European Social Survey (ESS) data on the timing of life was launched at a webinar earlier this week (Monday 21 June).

Agreement with Japanese General Social Survey


The European Social Survey (ESS) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS).

Web panel question modules selected


The process for selecting questions to be included as part the European Social Survey (ESS) six-wave online panel has now been completed.

Findings from the Human Values Scale


Last week, the European Social Survey (ESS) launched a new report that includes analysis of data collected through the Schwartz human values scale.

Fresh opportunity to field web panel modules


The European Social Survey (ESS) has today (Monday 8 March) opened a second call for applications to design a set of questions to be fielded as part of a pan-European online panel.

Important update on ESS Round 10 fieldwork


As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the majority of Round 10 fieldwork - originally due to be collected in face to face interviews from late 2020 - was not possible last year.

5,429 academic publications based on ESS data


Preliminary analysis of Google Scholar indexing has established that almost 5,500 academic publications include substantial use of European Social Survey (ESS) data (2003-20).

Round 10 core questionnaire changes


A new European Social Survey (ESS) report summarises changes that have been made to our core questionnaire ahead of Round 10 (2020/21).

New version of Round 9 data now available


The European Social Survey (ESS) has published the third edition of Round 9 (2018/19) data and updated the cumulative data file.

Questions selected for new online panel


Following an open call for proposals, question module proposals have now been selected for inclusion in our new online web panel, due to be fielded in 12 countries, beginning in 2021.

Round 10 COVID-19 questions finalised


The latest edition of the European Social Survey (ESS) will include a set of questions that can be fielded in participating countries to measure attitudes towards the Coronavirus pandemic.

Director becomes Academy of Social Sciences Fellow


The Director of the European Social Survey (ESS), Professor Rory Fitzgerald, has been appointed as a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences.

Justice and fairness analysis now available


The European Social Survey (ESS) has published a new Topline Results series report on Justice and Fairness in society, based on analysis of the most recently available dataset.

Justice and fairness: Topline report launch


The European Social Survey (ESS) will be hosting an online event on Friday 2 October to mark the publication of a new Topline Findings report on Justice and Fairness in society.

Round 11 rotating modules selected


Questions that examine gender attitudes and social inequalities in health have been chosen for inclusion in Round 11 (2022/23) of the European Social Survey (ESS).

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2020


This year’s lecture in memory of Sir Roger Jowell - the co-founder of the European Social Survey - will be held online on Wednesday 16 September.

Academic Year 2019/20

Call for Southern European Ambassador


The European Social Survey (ESS) is looking to appoint a consultant who will act as a southern European ambassador to establish a network in the region.

Call for online panel questions now open


The European Social Survey (ESS) has today (Tuesday 4 August) issued a call for questions to be asked in a new online panel, scheduled to be fielded in 12 countries during 2021 and 2022.

Round 9: Second data release now available


The second edition of data and documentation for Round 9 of the European Social Survey (ESS) has been published today (Monday 15 June 2020).

ESS receives dataset award


The European Social Survey (ESS) has been chosen as the winner of the Lijphart/Przeworski/Verba (LPV) Dataset Award 2020.

Special fast call for COVID-19 questions


The ESS ERIC is inviting applications to design a short set of questions (up to 5 items) related to the COVID-19 pandemic that will be fielded in the European Social Survey (ESS).

ESS ERIC now has 25 members


The European Social Survey European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) now has 25 members - the highest number of any ERIC.

COVID-19 implications on the ESS


The Coronavirus pandemic is having widespread implications on people, businesses and research across the world, and the European Social Survey (ESS) is no exception.

Analyse Round 9 Russian data


Although Russia did not formally take part in Round 9 (2018/19) of our survey, you can now access data collected by the Institute for Comparative Social Research (CESSI).

Developing a global online panel


Following a workshop in December 2019, the European Social Survey (ESS) has published a report about the opportunities for international collaboration to develop a global online survey.

ESS awarded major Horizon 2020 grant


The European Social Survey (ESS) has been awarded almost €5 million in funding from the European Commission to lead a new Horizon 2020 project - SUSTAIN 2 - from January 2020.

New experts appointed to advisory boards


The General Assembly of the European Social Survey (ESS) has appointed seven new members to serve on their methods and scientific advisory boards.

Round 9 data now available


The first edition of European Social Survey (ESS) Round 9 data - collected in 19 countries during late 2018 and early 2019 - has been published today (31 October 2019).

Exploring public attitudes, informing public policy


A publication that showcases a wide range of articles based on European Social Survey (ESS) data collected over the first seven rounds is now available online.

Your chance to field questions in our survey


For a chance to include questions in Round 11 (2022/23) of the European Social Survey (ESS), the call for proposals is now open until January next year.

Social science event at the European Commission


The European Social Survey (ESS) organised a meeting with the European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety, Vytenis Andriukaitis, in Brussels last week (Friday 13 September).

Global partnerships revealed


The European Social Survey (ESS) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with research organisations in Australia (Australian National University) and South Africa (Human Sciences Research Council) as part of its strategy for global outreach.

Online consultation launched


We have launched an online consultation into proposed changes to some of our questions that are included in every round of the European Social Survey (ESS).


Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture

Alongside Max Kaase, Sir Roger Jowell began developing the European Social Survey at the European Science Foundation (ESF) in 1995. The ESF would eventually ask Jowell to assemble a core team and apply to the European Commission for central funding to be matched by the participating countries.

In 2001, the European Social Survey was established at the National Centre for Social Research (now NatCen Social Research) in London. Since 2003, the ESS Headquarters have been hosted by City, University of London.

In 2001, Roger was awarded the CBE in the UK for his services to the social sciences. Seven years later, he was recognised again by the UK Government - this time awarded a knighthood to become Sir Roger Jowell.

Sir Roger passed away on Christmas Day 2011. Since then, City, University of London, NatCen Social Research and the Social Research Association have organised an annual memorial lecture in his name.


Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2022

Rosie Campbell (King’s College London) delivered the latest annual lecture in memory of our co-founder, Sir Roger Jowell, on Wednesday 12 October 2022.

The event was held at City, University of London and broadcast online. The chair was Alison Park, Interim Executive Chair of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

The lecture illustrated the invaluable contribution that the British Social Attitudes Survey and the British Election Study have made to the ability to understand the link between gender and voting behaviour; both surveys that Sir Roger Jowell played a leading role in establishing.

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2021

Paul Johnson (The Institute for Fiscal Studies) delivered the eighth annual lecture in memory of European Social Survey co-founder, Sir Roger Jowell, on Tuesday 28 September 2021. The event was chaired by new City President, Professor Anthony Finkelstein.

This year’s lecture assessed how inequalities in education and wealth, and between regions, ethnic minorities and generations, have been affected by the Coronavirus pandemic.

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2020

Sir Michael Marmot (Institute Health Equity) delivered the 2020 Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture - Social justice and health equity - in an online event on Wednesday 16 September 2020.

The Professor of Epidemiology at University College London discussed tackling health inequalities, insisting that policies and interventions must not be confined to the health care system. Sir Michael explained that policies are needed to address the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2019

Professor Alissa Goodman and Rt Hon David Laws delivered the 2019 lecture - An uneven playing field: the causes and consequences of social inequalities in education - at City on 13 June 2019.

Alissa Goodman of University College London Institute of Education discussed research on inequalities, showing how longitudinal data is being used to understand the causes and consequences of educational disadvantage in the UK.

Speaking to the policy implications of educational disadvantage, Rt Hon David Laws - Executive Chairman of the Education Policy Institute - present findings from research on the evolution of the disadvantage gap, by phase, pupil type and area over the last decade.

A recording of the lecture is available

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2018

The fifth annual lecture in honour of Sir Roger Jowell was held at the British Academy in London on 21 May 2018. The lecture was delivered by Professor Jane Green of the University of Manchester who discussed her research into the 2015 and 2017 British elections.

Jane Green is Professor of Political Science in the Cathy Marsh Institute for Social Research and the Politics Department in Manchester and belongs to the Scientific Leadership Team of the British Election Study (BES).

The Chair of the lecture was Jennifer Rubin, Executive Chair of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

Sir Roger Jowell Memorial Lecture 2017

Professor Anand Menon discussed what the vote for Brexit means for the UK and its relationship with the countries who remain a part of the union. As Chair of the UK in a Changing Europe initiative, the Professor of European Politics and Foreign Affairs at King's College London offered valuable insight into this critical issue.

The fourth annual memorial lecture was held on 30 May 2017 and chaired by Professor Sara Hobolt, Sutherland Chair in European Institutions at the London School of Economics.

A recording of the lecture is available

Survey Methodology Seminar Series

Since May 2017, City, University of London, the European Social Survey HQ and NatCen Social Research have held a series of survey methodology seminars. Presentation slides and / or a recording of the each event is linked below.



Ryan, L. ORCID: 0000-0003-2985-3544 (2021). Security and the discourse of risk in European space policy. In: Hoerber, T. and Forganni, A. (Eds.), European Integration and Space Policy A Growing Security Discourse. Space Power and Politics. (pp. 75-96). Abingdon, UK: Routledge. ISBN 9780367349127

Harrison, S. E., Ayers, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-6153-2460, Quigley, M. A., Stein, A. and Alderdice, F. (2020). Prevalence and factors associated with postpartum posttraumatic stress in a population-based maternity survey in England. Journal of Affective Disorders, doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.11.102

Cohen, T., Stilgoe, J., Stares, S. ORCID: 0000-0003-4697-0347, Akyelken, N., Cavoli, C., Day, J., Dickinson, J., Fors, V., Hopkins, D., Lyons, G., Marres, N., Newman, J., Reardon, L., Sipe, N., Tennant, C., Wadud, Z. and Wigley, E. (2020). A constructive role for social science in the development of automated vehicles. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 6, p. 100133. doi: 10.1016/j.trip.2020.100133

Barnes, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0702-5222, Ndebele, N. and Harrison, E. K. (2020). The job quality of key worker employees: Analysis of the Labour Force Survey. London: City, University of London.

Barnes, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0702-5222, Ndebele, N. and Harrison, E. (2020). Pictures of life in older age: a quantitative analysis of the lived experience of ageing using the Understanding Society survey. London: City, University of London.

Maslovskaya, O., Durrant, G. B., Smith, P. W. F., Hanson, T. and Villar, A. (2019). What are the Characteristics of Respondents using Different Devices in Mixed-device Online Surveys? Evidence from Six UK Surveys. International Statistical Review, 87(2), pp. 326-346. doi: 10.1111/insr.12311

Tennant, C., Stares, S. ORCID: 0000-0003-4697-0347 and Howard, S. (2019). Public discomfort at the prospect of autonomous vehicles: Building on previous surveys to measure attitudes in 11 countries. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 64, pp. 98-118. doi: 10.1016/j.trf.2019.04.017

Ryan, L. ORCID: 0000-0003-2985-3544 (2019). Balancing rights in the European Research Area: the case of ERICs (European Research Infrastructure Consortium). European Intellectual Property Review, 41(4), pp. 218-227.

Fisher, S., Fitzgerald, R. and Poortinga, W. (2018). Climate change Social divisions in belief and behaviour. In: Phillips, D., Curtice, J., Phillips, M. and Perry, J. (Eds.), British Social Attitudes: The 35th Report. . London: The National Centre for Social Research. ISBN 9781527225916

Kuyper, L., Sommer, E. and Butt, S. (2017). Gender Gaps in the Measurement of Public Opinion About Homosexuality in Cross-national Surveys: A Question-Wording Experiment.International Journal of Public Opinion Research, edx019. doi: 10.1093/ijpor/edx019

Turkay, C., Slingsby, A., Lahtinen, K., Butt, S. and Dykes, J. (2017). Supporting Theoretically-grounded Model Building in the Social Sciences through Interactive Visualisation.Neurocomputing, 268, pp. 153-163. doi: 10.1016/j.neucom.2016.11.087

Kuha, J., Butt, S., Katsikatsou, M. and Skinner, C. (2017). The Effect of Probing "Don't Know" Responses on Measurement Quality and Nonresponse in Surveys. Journal of the American Statistical Association,

Johann, D. and Thomas, K. (2017). Testing the Validity of the Crosswise Model: A Study on Attitudes Towards Muslims. Survey Methods: Insights from the Field,

Sommer, E. and Gamper, M. (2017). Transnational entrepreneurial activities: A qualitative network study of self-employed migrants from the former Soviet Union in Germany. Social Networks, doi: 10.1016/j.socnet.2017.04.007

Ryan, L. (2017). Social media and popularising space: Philae Lander (@Philae2014) and the journey to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Space Policy, doi: 10.1016/j.spacepol.2017.04.007

Barnes, M., Stares, S., Wood, C., Vibert, S. and Lord, C. (2017). Poverty in Perspective: A typology of poverty in Scotland. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government, ISSN 2045-6964.

Thomas, K., Johann, D., Kritzinger, S., Plescia, C. and Zeglovits, E. (2017). Estimating Sensitive Behavior: The ICT and High-Incidence Electoral Behavior. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 29(1), pp. 151-171. doi: 10.1093/ijpor/edw002

Villar, A. and Fitzgerald, R. (2017). Using mixed modes in survey data research: Results from six experiments. In: Breen, M. (Ed.), Values and Identities in Europe: Evidence from the European Social Survey. (pp. 273-310). Routledge. ISBN 9781138226661

Allum, N., Allansdottir, A., Gaskell, G., Hampel, J., Jackson, J., Moldovan, A., Priest, S., Stares, S. and Stoneman, P. (2017). Religion and the public ethics of stem-cell research: Attitudes in Europe, Canada and the United States. PLoS One, 12(4), e0176274. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176274

Barnes, M. and Harrison, E. K. (2017). The wellbeing of secondary school pupils with special educational needs. UK: Department for Education.

Butt, S., Schneider, S. and Heath, A.F. (2016). Developing a measure of socio-cultural origins for the European Social Survey (2016/16). GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, ISSN 2364-3773.

Reece Thomas, K. (2016). The UK Supreme Court's latest look at State Immunity. Journal of International and Comparative Law, 3(1), pp. 149-161.

Eikemo, T., Bambra, C., Huijts, T. and Fitzgerald, R. (2016). The first pan-European sociological health inequalities survey of the general population: the European Social Survey (ESS) rotating module on the social determinants of health. European Sociological Review, doi: 10.1093/esr/jcw019

Harrison, E. K. and Smart, A. (2016). The under-representation of minority ethnic groups in UK medical research. Ethnicity and Health, doi: 10.1080/13557858.2016.1182126

Winstone, L., Widdop, S. and Fitzgerald, R. (2016). Constructing the Questionnaire: the Challenges of Measuring Views and Evaluations of Democracy Across Europe. In: Ferrin, M. and Kriesi, H. (Eds.), How Europeans View and Evaluate Democracy (Comparative Politics). (pp. 21-42). UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-876690-2

Butt, S., Lahtinen, K. and Brunsdon, C. (2016). Using geographically weighted regression to explore spatial variation in survey data. Paper presented at the GISRUK 2016, 30th March - 1st April 2016, London, UK.

Blom, A. G., Bosnjak, M., Cornilleau, A., Cousteaux, A. S., Das, M., Douhou, S. and Krieger, U. (2016). A Comparison of Four Probability-Based Online and Mixed-Mode Panels in Europe.Social Science Computer Review, 34(1), pp. 8-25. doi: 10.1177/0894439315574825

Turkay, C., Slingsby, A., Lahtinen, K., Butt, S. and Dykes, J. (2016). Enhancing a Social Science Model-building Workflow with Interactive Visualisation. Paper presented at the The European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks (ESANN 2016), 27-29 Apr 2016, Bruges, Belgium.

Thomas, K. (2016). Democratic Support and Globalization. In: Vowles, J. and Xezonakis, G. (Eds.), Globalization and Domestic Politics: Parties, Elections, and Public Opinion. (pp. 209-234). UK: Oxford Univeristy Press. ISBN 9780198757986

Butt, S., Widdop, S. and Winstone, E. (2016). The Role of High Quality Surveys in Political Science Research. In: Keman, H. (Ed.), Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Political Science. (pp. 262-280). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9781784710811

Harrison, E. K., Quick, A., Abdallah, S., Ruggeri, K., Garcia Garzon, G., Maguire, Á., Huppert, F. A., Saini, R. and Zwiener, N. (2016). Looking into the Wellbeing Kaleidoscope: Results from the European Social Survey. London: New Economics Foundation.

Reece Thomas, K. (2016). State Immunity. Insight,

Fitzgerald, R. (2015). Striving for quality, comparability and transparency in cross-national social survey measurement: illustrations from the European Social Survey (ESS). (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London)

Johann, D., Steinbrecher, M. and Thomas, K. (2015). Persönlichkeit, politische Involvierung und politische Partizipation in Deutschland und Österreich. In: Faas, T., Frank, C. and Schoen, H. (Eds.), Political Psychology. (pp. 65-90). Germany: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. ISBN 9783848713608

Reece Thomas, K. (2015). State Immunity. Insight,

Reece Thomas, K. (2015). Enforcing against state assets:the case for restricting private creditor enforcement and how judges in England have used "context" when applying the "commercial purposes" test. Journal of International and Comparative Law, 2(1),

Geurs, K. T., Thomas, T., Bijlsma, M. and Douhou, S. (2015). Automatic trip and mode detection with move smarter: First results from the Dutch Mobile Mobility Panel. Transportation Research Procedia, 11, pp. 247-262. doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2015.12.022

Lahtinen, K., Slingsby, A., Dykes, J., Butt, S. and Fitzgerald, R. (2015). Informing Non-Response Bias Model Creation in Social Surveys with Visualisation. Paper presented at the VIS 2015, 25-10-2015 - 30-10-2015, Chicago, USA.

Ryan, L. (2015). Governance of EU research policy: Charting forms of scientific democracy in the European Research Area. Science and Public Policy, 42(3), pp. 300-314. doi: 10.1093/scipol/scu047

Fitzgerald, R., Winstone, L. and Prestage, Y (2014). A Versatile tool? Applying the Cross-national Error Source Typology (CNEST) to triangulated pre-test data. Lausanne: FORS.

Braghiroli, S. and Salini, L. (2014). How Do the Others See Us? An Analysis of Public Opinion Perceptions of the EU and USA in Third Countries. Transworld(33), pp. 1-19.

Callegaro, M., Villar, A., Krosnick, J. and Yeager, D. (2014). A Critical Review of Studies Investigating the Quality of Data Obtained With Online Panels. In: Callegaro, M., Baker, R., Bethlehem, J., Goritz, A., Krosnick, J. and Lavrakas, P. (Eds.), Online Panel Research: A Data Quality Perspective. (pp. 23-53). UK: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-119-94177-4

Schoua-Glusberg, A. and Villar, A. (2014). Assessing Translated Questions via Cognitive Testing. In: Miller, K., Willson, S., Chepp, V. and Padilla, J. L. (Eds.), Cognitive Interviewing Methodology. (pp. 51-67). Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781118383544

Dolezal, M., Haselmayer, M., Johann, D., Thomas, K. and Ennser-Jedenastik, L. (2014). Negative Campaigning. In: Müller, W., Kritzinger, S. and Schönbach, K. (Eds.), Die Nationalratswahl 2013. Wie Parteien, Medien und Wählerschaft zusammenwirken. (pp. 99-111). Vienna, Austria: Böhlau. ISBN 978-3205795360

Fitzgerald, R., Winstone, L. and Prestage, Y. (2014). Searching For Evidence of Acculturation: Attitudes Toward Homosexuality Among Migrants Moving From Eastern to Western Europe.International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 26(3), pp. 323-341. doi: 10.1093/ijpor/edu021

Glantschnigg, C., Thomas, K. and Zeglovits, E. (2014). Wählen gehen? Und wen wählen? Entscheidungsfindung im Wahlkampf. In: Müller, W., Kritzinger, S. and Schönbach, K. (Eds.), Die Nationalratswahl 2013. Wie Parteien, Medien und Wählerschaft zusammenwirken. (pp. 159-176). Vienna: Böhlau. ISBN 978-3205795360

Villar, A., Callegaro, M. and Yang, Y. (2013). Where Am I? A Meta-Analysis of Experiments on the Effects of Progress Indicators for Web Surveys. Social Science Computer Review, 31(6), pp. 744-762. doi: 10.1177/0894439313497468

Ryan, L., Cooper, P. and Drey, N. (2013). University Research Ethics Committees as learning communities: Identifying and utilising collaboratively produced knowledge in decision-making.Research Ethics, 9(4), pp. 166-174. doi: 10.1177/1747016112437688

Mejlgaard, N. and Stares, S. (2013). Performed and preferred participation in science and technology across Europe: Exploring an alternative idea of "democratic deficit". Public Understanding of Science, 22(6), pp. 660-673. doi: 10.1177/0963662512446560

Gaskell, G., Stares, S. and Fischler, C. (2013). Have GM crops and food a future in Europe? In:  Successful Agricultural Innovation in Emerging Economies: New Genetic Technologies for Global Food Production. (pp. 331-347). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781139208475

Douhou, S. and van Soest, A. (2013). Explaining subjective well-being: The role of victimization, trust, health, and social norms. Applied Econometrics, 31(3), pp. 52-78.

Douhou, S., Magnus, J. R. and van Soest, A. (2012). Peer Reporting and the Perception of Fairness. De Economist, 160(3), pp. 289-310. doi: 10.1007/s10645-012-9192-y

Ryan, L. (2012). "You must be very intelligent...?": Gender and Science Subject Uptake. International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology, 4(2), pp. 167-190.

Stares, S., Deel, S. and Timms, J. (2012). Bordering on the unknown: approaches to global civil society data. In: Kaldor, M., Moore, H.L. and Selchow, S. (Eds.), Global Civil Society 2012: Ten Years of Critical Reflection. (pp. 184-202). Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-36787-6

Miller, K, Fitzgerald, R., Padilla, J-L, Willson, S, Widdop, S., Caspar, R, Dimov, M, Gray, M, Nunes, C., Pruefer, P, Schoebi, N and Schoua-Glusberg, A (2011). Design and Analysis of Cognitive Interviews for Comparative Multinational Testing. Field Methods, 23(4), pp. 379-396. doi: 10.1177/1525822X11414802

Stares, S. (2011). Using latent trait models to assess cross-national scales of the publics knowledge about science and technology. In:  The Culture of Science: How the Public Relates to Science Across the Globe. (pp. 241-261). Routledge. ISBN 9780203813621

Jackson, J., Bradford, B., Hough, M., Kuha, J., Stares, S., Widdop, S., Fitzgerald, R., Yordanova, M. and Galev, T. (2011). Developing European indicators of trust in justice. European Journal of Criminology, 8(4), pp. 267-285. doi: 10.1177/1477370811411458

Fitzgerald, R., Widdop, S., Gray, M. and Collins, D. (2011). Identifying sources of error in cross-national questionnaires: Application of an error source typology to cognitive interview data.Journal of Official Statistics, 27(4), pp. 569-599.

Barnes, M., Butt, S. and Tomaszewski, W. (2010). The Duration of Bad Housing and Living Standards of Children in Britain. Housing Studies, 26(1), pp. 155-176. doi: 10.1080/02673037.2010.512749

Mejlgaard, N. and Stares, S. (2010). Participation and competence as joint components in a cross-national analysis of scientific citizenship. Public Understanding of Science, 19(5), pp. 545-561. doi: 10.1177/0963662509335456

Broom, M., Crowe, M. L., Fitzgerald, M. R. and Rychtar, J. (2010). The stochastic modelling of kleptoparasitism using a Markov process. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 264(2), pp. 266-272. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2010.01.012

Stares, S. (2009). Using latent class models to explore cross-national typologies of Public engagement with Science and technology in Europe. Science, Technology and Society, 14(2), 289 329. doi: 10.1177/097172180901400205

Low, N., Butt, S., Ellis, P. and Davis Smith, J. (2007). Helping out: a national survey of volunteering and charitable giving. London: Cabinet Office.

Butt, S. and Lahtinen, K. Using auxiliary data to model nonresponse bias The challenge of knowing too much about nonrespondents rather than too little?. Paper presented at the International Workshop on Household Nonresponse 2015, 02 Sep 2015 - 04 Sep 2015, Leuven, Belgium.