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Human-Computer Interaction Design

Carol Butler

Contact details Portrait photo of Carol Butler

Centre for Human-Computer Interaction Design

Email: carol.butler@city.ac.uk


PhD Research Student


Previously a secondary school teacher of Design Technology and Art, Carol joined the Centre for HCID in October 2015 to study an MSc in Human-Centred Systems, which she completed with a Distinction.

Following the MSc, she was awarded a Collaborative Doctoral Award studentship by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) to pursue a PhD in Human-Computer Interaction. Supervised by Stephann Makri and Andrew MacFarlane at City, and Ian Cooke and Stella Wisdom at the British Library, she works between the two institutions on this collaborative research project.

Research Interests

Carol's focus is to investigate how technology is used currently, and may be used in the future, to support the co-construction of understanding of text through interaction between readers, and between reader and author.


Butler, C. (2018). Distant Voices in the Dark: Understanding the Incongruent Information Needs of Fiction Authors and Readers. In Proceedings of the 2018 Conference on Human Information Interaction & Retrieval (CHIIR '18). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 342-344. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/3176349.3176359